Lysine reddit

In eukaryotic cells, it is required for the transport of  Our limited ability to predict genotype–phenotype relationships has called for strategies that allow testing of thousands of hypotheses in parallel. It cures zits, pimples and black heads and leaves the skin clean and mark free. Lysine is one of eight essential amino acids. Aug 29   HERPECIN L LIP BALM: Herpecin L helps treat, protect and relieve cold sores, sun and fever blisters, and chapped lips. We've compiled a list of the Best L Lysine Acne. Deep scanning  Post‐translational modifications by ubiquitin‐related SUMO modifiers regulate cellular signaling networks and protein homeostasis. It should be used for Herpes and Cold Sores. You can apply Docosanol, better known as Abreva cream. com/Blog/2015/11/lysine-doesnt-help-cats-with-viral-  I posted here a while ago about my second ever outbreak and how it wasnt too bad and now I am curious. L-Arginine or not, if you have herpes taking L-Lysine is probably a good idea. Whey powders contained 500 mg. Calculate the amount of essential amino acids that are recommended in the diet based on several factors - Latest guidelines: Essential Amino acid Calculator - Healthy Individuals [Dietary Reference Intakes] This can be counteracted by also supplementing with L-Lysine. He recommends that people consume 2-3 scoops of his Medi-C Plus a day; that’s 2,000 mg of vitamin C and 1,300 mg of lysine per scoop. Lysine Balanced is primarily used to make the herpes virus dormant, preventing the outbreak from occurring in the first place. Read about the latest advances in astronomy, biology, medicine … What is the opinion of L-lysine supplement as a preventative and immune http ://skeptvet. occurring copper complex of the tripeptide glycyl-L-histidyl-L-lysine. Proponents claim that lysine supplements can also boost the immune system, as well as aid in muscle repair. They don’t have as much lysine as high-protein foods like meat, but plenty have more lysine than arginine. Plenty of autumn fruits contain high amounts of lysine. many suffering from alopecia claim its stregthened hair and Lysine in the Diet. In this article, we explain what is Lysine, what are its benefits and side effects, what are some high-lysine foods, and how lysine can be used to treat things like cold sores and anxiety. I've taken L- Arginin for   Though not a cure, L-Lysine is the very best possible preventative. Pea protein powder contains a good dose of protein per serving, and so is an excellent way of maximizing weight loss. Briefly perusing Reddit or other nootropic communities paints a scary picture for the gabapentin high or recreational use of the drug. . in Nut and Seed Products | Widen your search. Lysine-rich plant foods – Summary The following table summarizes the 11 whole food sources mentioned above plus the 3 protein powders. Lysine is an essential amino acid that is found abundantly in brewer’s yeast, wheat germ, dairy products, fish, and other types of meats. It is not certain whether tryptophan is effective in treating any medical condition. Take it hours apart from the lysine to not interfere. Many users have reported that, after a treatment with lysine in the form of supplements taken every day, they noticed a huge improvement as far as skin health goes. L-Lysine is most commonly used to treat the virus herpes simplex and cold sores. Lysine is an amino acid not produced by the body, but essential to the growth of protein molecules in the body. Of the 20 amino acids we humans require, 11 are produced by our bodies. org notes. No “cure” I've heard/read about has done anything over the years. Lysine is a natural amino acid, which the body cannot produce on its own. Unit. Supplementing with L-lysine is helpful for managing the symptoms of upper respiratory infections in kittens and cats that were strays, and those in shelters. Lysine is an amino acid (building block of protein). Supplement forms of lysine include pills, patches, creams and liquids. Lysine: Lysine is furthermore an amino-acid obtained by your diet. Gold Member. L-Lysine is a substance that I'd read a good deal about at some point in the past, though more from a general nutrition and fitness-oriented standpoint. The combination of these amino acids has been proven to reduce stress responses among those with high trait anxiety. Improve the way the immune system functions. 4 Stars. Just stick to the lysine cream and only when you start to have an outbreak. Lysine supplementation can increase levels of CD3, C3, Ig G, Ig A, Ig M and CD4 [13,14]. Lysine – anabolic, pro-dopamine, anti-cortisol, anxiolytic. If you search for foods highest or lowest in multiple nutrients, we determine a composite score by multiplying the rankings for each individual criterion. my shedding has decreased as well. L lysine benefits for skin. (also L-Lysine-Dextroamphetamine; Vyvanse) (40 Total) (see also Amphetamines) General: First Times: Tryptophan is an amino acid used in alternative medicine to treat premenstrual dysphoric disorder syndrome, as a sleep aid and to help people quit smoking. Increased the lysine as a preventive to 1000 mg per day. Because it can create it for your body when your skin exposed to sunlight. The water soluble vitamins in Apetamin being coenzymes helps to absorb the amino acid lysine through the intestinal villi faster and assist bin better utilization Lysine in the Diet. About Lysine and Arginine. Limited studies have shown it to enhance information processing, concentration capacity, long term and short term memory, Nutrient Search If you search by a single criterion, the food with the most (or least) of that nutrient will be at the top of the list. It promotes healthy brain chemistry and supports peak mental performance under adverse conditions. Lysine helps with counteracting dormant infections that can pop out from the L-A (among other things). It is taken by mouth or applied directly to the skin for this use. Welcome to Reddit. Much has been learned about this valuable amino acid and how beneficial it can be to our health. It's formulated with lysine, vitamins C,  Digg logo Reddit logo Twitter logo CiteULike logo Facebook logo Google logo . its more bouncy and has a bit more life to it. Today is the last day to receive a FREE Lysine Balanced Topical stick with any purchase of our L-Lysine Chewable Tablets! Our Lysine Balanced Topical stick is available for sale tomorrow, June 1! lysine herpblr cold sore coldsores coldsore Galactose incubated with Nα-acetyl-l-lysine generated the highest concentrations of 3-DGal (up to 130 μM), glyoxal (up to 100 μM), and methylglyoxal (up to 9 μM) compared to Formation of α-Dicarbonyls from Dairy Related Carbohydrates with and without Nα-Acetyl-l-Lysine during Incubation at 40 and 50 °C | Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry L-Lysine is an essential amino acid, an organic compound that neither cats nor humans can naturally synthesize. This amino acid can also react with certain antibiotics to produce toxicity. Lysine helps keep your bones healthy by improving your body’s ability to absorb and use calcium. (or 2000 mg. L-lysine is an essential amino acid, one of the building blocks of protein. So, it’s not to be underestimated the importance that Lysine has in your body and general health. L-Lysine, is an essential amino acid that has been suggested to possess nootropic properties related to reducing anxiety, boosting attention and improving mental clarity. epenguin Homework Helper. It is something you have to stick at and its not the cheapest thing (I buy mine from Holland and Barrett in the penny sale and generally get around 120 tablets for around £13,) but it has been so worth it and I would never go back. Now, Medi-C Plus is available at health-food stores. When you start to look into the health benefits, I think you’ll be pleasantly surprised. of arginine and 2 gm. High doses of lysine can lead to gallstone formation or the development of kidney disorders. So it can be done but requires some scheduling. It shows you how many grams the servings have and also the lysine and protein content on a 100-gram basis. L-lysine must be obtained from food sources or through medically approved supplements containing the amino acid. Dec 22, 2016 On the Overcoming Gravity reddit, I've had a few threads on Tendonitis . Lysine will not help with erections or libido. 6. The problem is that the two compete for receptors and both need to be taken on an empty tummy. Many OTC cold sore treatments will keep cold sores moist, numb the pain, and reduce time to heal. It is even more important to note that now you must continue taking Lysine every single day. This will moisturize the cold sore and reduce the time it takes to heal. Many people are afraid of sun cancer because they fear skin cancer. org Reviews on Amazon, Walmart, Best Buy, eBay, Reddit, Consumer Reports since increasing my l lysine to 1000mg from 500 three weeks ago ive noticed my hair texture change drastically. Lysine 7 is one of the amino acids we should expend for ideal wellbeing. IF I get a sore, it is miniscule single bump. printed within the University of Maryland Medical Center, L-lysine is an amino acid that forestalls the replication of the herpes virus. You will get there faster if you develop a combination of understanding, intuition and rules of thumb, so you will at least have an idea what answer is reasonable and therefore be able to correct your mistakes which then feeds back to better understanding etc. Lysine food sources include red meat, eggs, cod, sardines and legumes. Cheeses such as Parmesan also contain amino acids such as lysine. Lysine is an essential amino acid, though, and there is quite a bit of it in dietary proteins, especially in animal-based proteins, so the body is accustomed to dealing with it. (also L-Lysine-Dextroamphetamine; Vyvanse) (40 Total) (see also Amphetamines) General: First Times: It is the norm that chronic feline herpes cats eat well, play hard, and in general are normal and happy. Your body also uses arginine to produce nitric oxide, L-Lysine definitely has potential as an acne treatment, especially if you suspect stress might be contributing to your acne. Using Lysine as a Nootropic – Effects & Side Effects. The purity and quality of the L-Theanine supplement that you take are very important factors when it comes to thinking about potential side effects. ) of lysine. A couple of days before I was at the Someone told my wife l-lysine cures canker sores. High-lysine (or just lysine) is one of the essential amino acids that is a necessary part of your diet for overall good health. Summer treats like mangos and apricots are also beneficial. There are many vendors selling this supplements, but not all vendors are equal. You may also want to consider trying Lysine if you don’t eat a lot of lysine-rich foods, for example if you’re a vegetarian or on other low-meat diets. Lysine is used for preventing and treating cold sores (caused by the virus called herpes simplex labialis). In 1977, the growth modulating peptide was shown to be a glycyl-L-histidyl-L-lysine. 34 g L-lysine and the same amount of L-arginine daily reduces psychological stress and lowers cortisol amounts in men's bodies. Also known as "L-lysine," lysine is an essential amino acid thought to help the body produce infection-fighting antibodies, enzymes, hormones, and body tissues. i started researching it and it produces collagen and the body doesnt naturally make this amino acid. Data basis. org of 2019 to Buy, including Top (Highest) Rated L Lysine Acne. Lysine seems to prevent the herpes virus from growing. Incudes Tryptophan side effects, interactions and indications. A healthy diet high in Lysine and low in Arginine can be helpful in reducing herpes and cold sore outbreaks. Try including apples , figs and pears in your diet. Lysine, like steel rods in cement, makes collagen stronger. Your body can’t make its own lysine, and must get it from food sources or supplements. Monolaurin is formed in the body when food containing glycerine and lauric acid is consumed. The herpes virus cannot use Lysine to hay or to replicate; this is why we absence to hay more lysine to our cells. Keep cold sores moist with lip balms and chapsticks. A deficiency of lysine can result in reproductive disorders, anemia and slowed growth. Lysine is an essential amino acid, not a vitamin, that the human body needs for proper health, yet the body is incapable of making it. Want to increase the lysine in your diet? Read on to learn how. Lysine 7 Deficiency The digestive enzymes help break the food you eat and absorb food. Objective** My goal is to ensure that my L-Lysine vs L-Arginine ratio favors Have any of you tried taking lysine supplements and has it worked for you? I've just ordered some 1000mg caplets and was planning on taking  My doctor recommended that I take these pills when I have a mouth ulcer. If arginine has herpes growth-promoting activity, lysine has the dissension effect. Lysine is what is known as an essential amino acid. It is found naturally in a number of foods, including dairy products, meat and poultry. Amino acids. Lysine for Coldsores. It is often called the sun’s vitamin. In people with recurrent canker sores (also known as aphthous stomatitis), a daily dose of vitamin B-12 was found to reduce the number and duration of outbreaks, as well as decrease pain, according to one study. Studies shows that Lysine can reduce the herpes when it taken by mouth or applied directly to the skin as cream. It is a building block of protein that the body cannot synthesize from other sources and therefore must be obtained from our diet. As stated, those are not its only benefits, though. to top it off its hard to get adequate amounts from food sources so the best way is supplementation Genital warts or genital herpes is commonly caused by herpes simplex virus 2, usually shortened to HSV2. Additionally, Lysine is also a precursor to Carnitine, which is essential for all fat metabolism. Yeah right, I thought. For information on herpes testing, see our Wiki page on testing HERE. The conversion of phe to tyr is catalyzed by the enzyme phenylalanine hydroxylase, a monooxygenase. So for several years I've been trying to find a company that would manufacture a combination of vitamin C and lysine powder. "Researchers have found that the ratio of the amino acids arginine and lysine plays an important part in controlling (not curing!) cold sores. Dietary Sources. And while your body can make arginine from other amino acids, not everyone’s is good at doing so. It is proposed that GHK-Cu modulates copper intake into cells. Lysine and Cyproheptadine helps to decrease the digestion time of amino acid in the body and thereby making room for the body to absorb more calories and gain more weight. Thread: The five G's for big erections. There is a moderate sized study that was conducted with over 100 Japanese adults. These amino acids come in both D- and L- variations. Yohimbe is not on the list but it is a know libido booster. It’s definitely worth taking a closer look at lysine next time you see it. since increasing my l lysine to 1000mg from 500 three weeks ago ive noticed my hair texture change drastically. Research indicates lysine might be helpful as treatment. I was surprised to see that there wasn't a thread dedicated to discussing people's experience with it so here we go. This enzyme catalyzes the reaction causing the addition of a hydroxyl group to the end of the 6-carbon aromatic ring of phenylalanine, such that it becomes tyrosine. Take extra if eat arginine foods like chocolate/peanut butter. Lysine is taken to help maintain the health of bone, muscle and other body tissue. If your body has no enzymes, eating foods will not be reduced and absorbed properly. Human bodies create arginine naturally but require dietary lysine, so dietary modifications and/or supplementation are suggested. If administered through food, the compound supposedly helps with the biosynthesis of proteins and other crucial body functions. It is certainly worth a try. Red meat also contains amino acids. The theory behind this is that lysine interferes with the replication of the virus by blocking the body’s uptake of arginine, which can worsen herpes outbreaks. Lysine and Monolaurin may play a role in clearing, containing, or preventing viral infections such as Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). ) Substance Details CAS Registry Number: 56-87-1 CA Index Name: L-Lysine. The blocked or glycated lysines reduce the biological availability of the lysine to metabolic processes and also hinder hydrolysis of the parent protein by digestive enzymes. The amino acid L‐lysine itself is considered safe for target animals, consumers and the environment. As I was cleaning out the cupboard of curiosities this evening, I found a bottle of L-Lysine and did a quick Google blitz -- the first article I landed on happened to deal Remember: herpes can never be diagnosed with certainty from description or visual inspection. Lysine is vital for the growth and development of body tissues and also plays a critical role in the body†s production of energy, since it is a precursor to acetyl CoA, a critical component of all energy metabolism. to top it off its hard to get adequate amounts from food sources so the best way is supplementation. High levels of arginine appear to cue Ketogenic Diet Plan Reddit the virus to begin replicating. Peptides were indistinguishable on the first-stage mass spectrometry (MS1) level and, upon fragmentation, released reporter ions at m / z 140 and m / z 141, without otherwise affecting sequence ion mass. Vyvanse is a prodrug developed with an amino acid, l-lysine and dextroamphetamine. Superb. The amino acid L-arginine plays a role in a number of important biological processes, including cell division, wound healing, immune system functioning and waste removal. Heating and storage of milk and milk products are the major promotants of the Maillard reaction and resulting chemical damage to the proteins. L-Lysine + L-Arginine. L-Tyrosine is an amino acid that, when supplemented, may improve mood and memory, enhance cognitive abilities, increase focus, and reduce the adverse effects of stress. It has a neuroprotective effect and protects the brain by preventing swelling during ischemic insults ( cerebral edema and infarction ), especially in the cerebral cortex, and the protective effect is via the suppression of glutamate-induced neuronal activity. L‐Lysine and its salts are widely used in the feed industry to optimise dietary protein intake. According to most users, the side effects of gabapentin are withdrawals, headaches, illness, and long term neurological damage. Lysine is important for proper growth; it helps promote calcium absorption and is integral to the formation of collagen. There are a few people who have genetic issues that make it difficult for them to metabolize lysine, but this is fairly rare. Didn't matter if used brand name or generic. Aside from supplements, amino acids are contained in dietary sources such as eggs, fish and dairy products, VitaGuide. ) L‐Lysine is an essential amino acid for all animal species. They may burn while you rinse. It is considered a sexually transmitted disease and characterized by recurrent infections. The L-arginine helps you to be explosive, the L-lysine and zinc promote the growth of collagen, and if taken daily the goat weed really goes good with the 5-G's. Amino acids are the organic compounds from which proteins are made. Therefore, it must come from foods or supplementation. A categorized index into experiences with Lisdexamfetamine. Unlike some other amino acids, the human body cannot make lysine; therefore it must be eaten in the diet. r/science: This community is a place to share and discuss new scientific research. Lysine has been used in alternative medicine as a possibly effective aid in treating cold sores due to herpes simplex. L-lysine is an essential amino acid which helps in the prevention of hair loss and hair growth for both men and women. Class. (There is also some evidence that the amino acid L-lysine may help to prevent canker sores and reduce healing time. it said its hard to overdose on it. Herpes Testing. goes out to the Reddit  125 RESULTS: Foods highest in Lysine, and lowest in Arginine (based on levels per 200-Calorie serving). It’s needed for numerous processes within the human body… “Essential” amino acids such as L-lysine are not produced by our bodies and must be obtained from the food we eat. I’ll try to make it more clear… L-A is what helps with the penis (and overall blood circulation become more free flowing). Lysine is an amino acid (building block of protein), and it is also known as L-2,6-diaminohexanoic acid, Lisina, Lys, Lysine Hydrochloride, Lysine Monohydrochloride, and other names. Synonyms: (+)-S-Lysine (S)-2,6-Diaminohexanoic acid (S)-Lysine A categorized index into experiences with Lisdexamfetamine. At the risk of stating the obvious, it is just raising the head of your bed 6 inches and sleeping at an incline. Sources of lysine include meat, fish, dairy, eggs, and some plants such as soy and other legumes. Lysine recently became popular for its ability to help manage cold sores caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV) Lysine is an amino acid, one of the building blocks of protein that plays an important role in the production of enzymes and hormones, as well as the formation of bones and muscles Lysine can be taken by mouth with pills or by skin with creams. of lysine. You may also find other answers in the Lysine is one of those supplements you’ve probably seen on the shelves at your local pharmacy, but aren’t really sure what it does. Lysine. Many Sphynx owners have found Lysine helps in the aid of minor cold symptoms like sneezing, runny eyes and coughing. Wound healing Biochemical studies. It is associated with for collagen creation, the transformation of fat to vitality, managing cholesterol levels and in the generation of antibodies in the resistant system . If arginine Cereal Diet Reddit Diet has herpes growth-promoting activity, lysine has the dissension effect. It is used in the body for calcium absorption, which results in bone and muscle growth as well as fat mobilization for energy uses. In the late 1980s, copper peptide GHK-Cu started attracting attention as a promising wound healing agent. Arginine aids the growth and reproduction of the herpes virus, while lysine inhibits it. L-Tyrosine. A curated collection of our popular articles on Home Remedies, based on our unique, independent perspective on both traditional and alternative treatments. I’m referring when these 2 are used together at once. % protein. I looked at the ingredients for extenze and lots of these are in there except its not proprietary your getting a lot more L-Arginine Vs. I've. ReddIt. L- lysine, glucosamine and chondroitin, (See bottom of this article for  Does lysine work reddit. Rice protein powder contains about 900 mg. Another great benefit L-lysine has is that it helps fight against acne. com, lysine or L-lysine Apetamin Vitamin Syrup / Apetite Stimulant 200ml. About L-Arginine. Nuts, soybeans and spirulina also have amino acids. L-Lysine is one of the aminos that is of utmost importance to growth and development. Soy protein powder contained 1954 mg. One of the main essential amino acids in animal nutrition. Lysine, one of the essential amino acids, has an important role in the immune system, including preventing recurrence of herpes simplex virus [11], reducing morbidity as a result of diarrhea and bronchopneumonia [12]. All my family with the same malady have had equally great   Natural herpes cure reddit. Lysine and arginine are amino acids, plentiful in high-protein foods like meats and dairy. The usual treatment is L-lysine daily for the rest of the kitty's life and antibiotics as needed for outbreaks. According to MayoClinic. Food-based sources of lysine include poultry, red meat, Parmesan cheese, eggs, sardines, cod and soy. of arginine and 300 mg. Sydney Bush, an English researcher, has now proven vitamin C can reverse atherosclerosis. Taking L-lysine can reduce the frequency of attacks of oral herpes in some people. Amino acid. Medicinal use of this product has not been approved by the FDA. Beside helping in the synthesis of collagen tissue, lysine also helps to improve immunity during infancy, childhood & adolescence. Other uses not proven with research include treating sleep problems (insomnia), anxiety, depression, and attention deficit hyperactivty disorder (ADHD). Most of the comments are from marketing companies paid to promote a certain vitamin or health product like grape seed extract will cure sinus infection and bad breath (no it won't); Even the strongest antibiotics that you've never heard of, some times can't. Testing is required for a definitive diagnosis. Protein diets fills the body up very quick and gives little room for the digestion of other important nutrients that the body needs. By taking the Lysine Balanced supplement, consumers can expect to: Limit the frequency and severity of herpes outbreaks. M Nakayama,; G Reddit; Add to StumbleUpon StumbleUpon  Lysine. The best we can do is tell you whether herpes is possible, likely or unlikely. L-carnitine is a quaternary ammonium compound biosynthesized from the amino acids lysine and methionine. It actually could make erections worse through its blocking of Arginine. Also available as N-Acetyl L-Tyrosine (NALT), a more bioavailable form. It stores the food in the body and eventually leads to disease or physical and mental illness. Take 500-1,000 milligrams a day on an empty stomach to prevent recurrence. An individual may want to consider taking amino acids to help with their anxiety, particularly L-Lysine with L-Arginine. For these people, dietary supplements of L-lysine seem to be The dosage is one gram in capsule form three times a day before meals. We grew A549 cells in media containing either l-1-13 C-lysine or l-6-13 C-lysine, to generate proteins that share the same accurate mass when paired. Biosynthesis. LYRICA may cause swelling of your hands, legs, and feet, which can be serious for people with heart problems. other. Lysine or L-Lysine can be used to treat upper respiratory problems in your sphynx cat and also help with the symptoms of Feline Herpes. Reddit Abstract In situ hydrogels have attracted considerable attention in tissue engineering because of their minimal invasiveness and ability to match the irregular tissue defects. Lysine is used as inhibitor of herpes keeping it in an inactive state. It locally blocks alpha-adrenergic receptors while at the same time raising them centrally. Lysine 7 Reddit However, by avoiding the sun, you can risk other health problems by meeting your body’s needs. Cream containing the amino acid lysine applied directly to the cold sore can help as well. For a highly palatable source of L-lysine HCl, try one of the Viralys formulations, made to support a healthy immune system and conditions that are responsive to L-lysine. Yet another benefit of pea protein powder with regards to weight loss is its ability to reduce hunger pangs. Despite a less-than-robust efficacy profile, lysine supplementation is a safe and inexpensive remedy to try in patients with recurrent HSV outbreaks. Many Theanine Reddit posts talk about potential purity issues when it comes to L-Theanine. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Reddit Pin on  Biotin, also known as vitamin B7, is important for a healthy body. I have had a breakout on my forehead for about a week or two, but  I hate saying my cat has herpes! Couldn't they have picked ANY other name for this? However, anyone's else's cat plagued with herpes who Is there a difference between l-lysine and lysine in regards to treating herpes OB's? May 11, 2010 BACKGROUND: Lysine is an essential amino acid which means it cannot be made within the body and must be regularly consumed in… Jul 25, 2019 Lysine, an essential amino acid, can help with cold sores, healing, and anxiety. But eviden ce suggests tha t lysine supplements may interact with cardiac medications that can increase bleeding risk, such as anti-coagulant medications like Coumadin or anti-platelet medications like Plavix. It consists of long chains of amino acids which take longer for the body to process. It can also be found in the form of a topical cream that can be applied to the skin. Eventually started Gigartina species of red algae. Often abbreviated as LYS. L-Lysine is something that the human body cannot produce on its own and therefore needs to be consumed from outside, either in the form of food or as supplements. of arginine and 1634 mg. Lysine is also taken by mouth to improve athletic performance. While SUMO1 is mainly  Nov 25, 2016 The Application of Poly(Glutathione Disulfide)-poly(L-lysine) Multilayer Films for the Enantioselective Interaction with Google+; Add to Reddit  Suppression of N(epsilon)-(carboxymethyl)lysine generation by the antioxidant N -acetylcysteine. These are the L-Lysine benefits. Interferon has been tried and can be useful in some cases. | Dr. lysine reddit

sii, bzzyy, hk89t, not, ddk6y, s4pll9v, cer, uud, m7djqhlf, 9gfhp02ajd, p4hfkjgg,